Diabetes
Types of Diabetes
Causes of Diabetes
Symptoms of Diabetes
Diagnose of Diabetes
Diabetes Urine Test
Diabetes Blood Test
Ketoacidosis

Symptoms of Diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes

The following symptoms point towards a possibility of diabetes :
Increased thirst and Dryness of mouth
Increased thirst naturally leads to frequent urination. Your kidneys continuously filter thousands of litres of blood per day. They flush out the waste and water as urine and keep good filtered blood and glucose. In a diabetic's blood, there is extra glucose, more than what the kidney can absorb, so to flush it out, it draws more water to get it out as urine. The more water you drink more urine there will be, more urination, more thirst, increased hunger, tiredness and loss of weight.

Excessive and frequent urination :
The sugar escaping in the urine, drags along with itself, a large quantity of water. A diabetic, therefore, frequently passes large amounts of urine.

Excessive hunger :
In diabetes, glucose cannot enter the various body cells. Thus the cells starve in spite of being bathed by the glucose-rich serum. They suffer from 'poverty in the midst of plenty'. To overcome this cellular starvation, the body gives rise to abnormal and excessive hunger.

Loss of weight:
When the cells cannot utilise glucose, the body disintegrates stored fats to provide the cells with the necessary nourishment. Therefore, the person loses weight.

Weakness, fatigue and body ache:
The body also disintegrates stored muscle-protein to nourish the starving cells. This is the cause of undue weakness and fatigue.

Mental fatigue and lack of concentration:
The brain-cells have to depend chiefly on glucose for their nourishment. However, they cannot utilize the available glucose, due to which the person experiences undue mental fatigue, cannot concentrate and becomes forgetful.

Cuts, wounds, boils, and sores not healing:
Glucose rich blood is a good breeding medium for pus forming micro organisms. Moreover, diabetes also affects the small blood vessels (micro angiopathy) and nerves (neuropathy) leading to a decrease in the blood-supply of the skin and derangement of skin-sensations. That is the reason why even a small wound on a diabetic person's body easily gets infected and fails to heal in time.

Skin itching all over the body, especially that of the genital parts:
Skin infections, especially around genital area, vaginal infections in women, urinary track infections.

Frequent changes in the sharpness of vision and the spectacle Numbers:
Changes in the glucose concentration of the internal fluid (aqueous) of the eyes leads to variations in their focusing power. That is the reason why a diabetic has to often change his spectacle lenses. The crystalline lens of the eye depends, for its nourishment and transparency, on the glucose dissolved in the aqueous. In diabetes, the nourishment of the crystalline lens is jeopardised, leading to an untimely cataract.

Continuous ache, pain in your legs and feet including numbness, burning sensation, or no sensation.

Frequent changes in the sharpness of vision and the spectacle numbers:
Changes in the glucose concentration of the internal fluid (aqueous) of the eyes leads to variations in their focusing power. That is the reason why a diabetic has to often change his spectacle lenses. The crystalline lens of the eye depends, for its nourishment and transparency, on the glucose dissolved in the aqueous. In diabetes, the nourishment of the crystalline lens is jeopardised, leading to an untimely cataract.

Sexual debility or impotence :
General weakness, disintegration of muscle-protein, mental depression and undesirable changes in the blood-circulatory and nervous systems give rise to these symptoms.

Diabetic unconsciousness (hyperglycemic coma) :
As stated earlier, the body disintegrates stored fats to nourish starving cells. Fat disintegration leads to the production of ketone bodies in the blood. Excessive increase of ketone bodies makes the blood acidic and gradually leads to unconsciousness. Many a time, diabetes is suspected or diagnosed after the victim becomes unconscious.

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